World Library and Information (IFLA) Conference taking place in Cape Town, South Africa. This is a liveblog from the session: the full paper is here
The aim of their Information Literacy programme was to develop something that could be used by reference service librarians in 104 public libraries across the city. As a background, he explained that there is a lack of school libraries (only 7% have a functional library) and there are low levels of literacy skills. However, more public libraries have been opened, therefore that is where children (especially primary school children) go. Also, the new South African educational system acknowledges the value of using information, but it isn’t taught at school.
Reference librarians became concerned at the increasing number of children (from this very populous city) needing help: they were not able to deal with the demand. It was felt that if the children had training, then they would be better able to help themselves. The librarians did a project to address this. Questions were
– why the public library? (this was answered by a literature search and looking at official documents e.g. the UNESCO Manifesto identifies teaching IL as part of public library service)
- what is information literacy? For this they explored various models such as the Big 6, and the LIASA information literacy guidelines for grade R-12. In the end they developed an 8 step model from these models (see below).
- who is the target group? They decided to focus on children at Grade 6 (age 10-12) as it was felt that at that age the child would be better able to learn the principles (e.g. more than a primary school child), and also on training the librarians themselves.
This is the information literacy model
Defining the problem
1. Information source identification
2. Information resources retrieval
3. Retrieve the information from the Source
Analyse the retrieved information
5. Organise the information
6. Present the information
7. Evaluate of the final product
8. Acknowledge the sources used