Thursday, January 31, 2019

Rethinking Information Literacy and Political Polarization in a Post-Truth Era #infolit

There is a free ACRL Student Learning & Information Literacy webinar on 15 February 2019 at 11am US Central time (which is, for example, 5pm UK time) The Failure of Skepticism: Rethinking Information Literacy and Political Polarization in a Post-Truth Era. "Fake news has been shown to spread far faster than facts on social media platforms. Rampant fake news has led to deep political polarization and the undermining of basic democratic institutions. Skepticism is an important component of information literacy and has often been pointed to as the antidote to the fake news epidemic. Why are skepticism and information literacy failing so terrifically in this post-truth era? The presenters will summarize research drawn from the fields of psychology and mass communication that shows just how hardwired people are to believe information from their own “tribes” and resist outside contrary information.... This webinar will introduce some ideas for that overhaul and will also provide practical classroom activities that do a better job of addressing the cognitive aspects of information literacy and skepticism." Presenters are Chris Sweet, Illinois Wesleyan University; Troy Swanson, Moraine Valley Community College; Jeremy L. Shermak, University of Texas at Austin. Registration at
Photo by Sheila Webber: splintered, Sheffield, January 2019

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

#LILAC19 programme published #infolit

The programme for the 2019 LILAC conference (taking place 24-26 April, in Nottingham, UK) is available and registration continues open for the conference (the early bird rate ends in a couple of days). I will be doing a workshop with my colleague in the Information School, Pamela McKinney: What's my approach? Deciding on the approach to use for your research. Pam is also running a panel session Information literacy in everyday life: the role of information literacy practitioners, researchers and the Information Literacy Group with Alison Hicks, Jane Secker, and Konstantina Martzoukou and also from the University of Sheffield (my university) Visual literacy and the expression-idea continuum will be presented by Vicky Grant, Amy Haworth and Ruth Mallalieu. The LILAC programme is at
Photo by Sheila Webber: lilac.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Webinars: #Teaching Complexity #teachcomUAL

Bonnie Stewart (Visiting Fellow, University of the Arts London (UAL) and David White (Head of Digital Learning, UAL) are running a series of online seminars on Teaching Complexity. "Through these sessions we will explore how open and creative approaches to teaching and learning can help students navigate the complexity of higher education and the digital environment." You can attend (free) live, and there are recordings afterwards. They are all held 3-4pm UK time (which is, e.g., 10-11am US Eastern Time). They are aimed at "Anyone in a teaching, teaching related or staff development role in higher education." There is a blog at and the list of the seminars and registration link (you have to fill in a form to get info on how to participate) are at

- Today (oops should have posted this earlier): Openness and Prestige "Exploring how ‘giving stuff away’ and working openly online can be good for you and your students." Facilitators: Bonnie Stewart, Catherine Cronin
- February 5 3-4pm Digital fieldwork part 1 "Get tooled up to undertake some exploratory digital fieldwork." Facilitators: Matt Lingard, David White
- February 19th 3-4pm Complexity and Creativity "Learn how to take a creative approach to complex subjects." Facilitators: David Cormier, Tobias Revell
- February 26 3-4pm Digital fieldwork part 2 "Sharing your digital fieldwork experiences." Facilitators: Matt Lingard, David White, Sheldon Chow
- March 5 3-4pm Inclusive spaces "Ensuring digital teaching and learning welcomes a variety of voices" Facilitators: Bonnie Stewart, Maha Bali, Chris Giliard
Photo by Sheila Webber: neither young nor old were spared, Sheffield, January 2019

Monday, January 28, 2019

New articles: Scaffolding information use; Learning analytics; Radical pedagogy; Search; Youth Information Behaviour #infolit

The priced journal Information and Learning Sciences (which is the new title of New Library World: refocused in terms of its scope) has published Volume 120 Issue 1/2, 2019. In this inaugural issue under the new title, articles include:
- Scaffolding and supporting use of information for ambitious learning practices by Krista D. Glazewski, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver (pp. 39 - 58)
- Learning analytics: where information science and the learning sciences meet by Stephanie Danell Teasley (pp. 59 - 73)
- Search, sense making and learning: closing gaps by Gary Marchionini (pp. 74 - 86)
- Thoughts about the past, present and future of research in youth information behaviors and practices by Denise E. Agosto (pp. 108 - 118)
- Leading with love and hospitality: applying a radical pedagogy to LIS by Nicole A. Cooke (pp. 119 - 132)
Abstracts at
Photo by Sheila Webber: torn down, Sheffield, January 2019

Saturday, January 26, 2019

Call for papers: Creative Approaches to Pedagogic Research

The Centre for Innovation in Higher Education (CIHE) Annual Conference 2019 takes place on 10 July at Anglia Ruskin University (Cambridge, UK). It has the theme Creative Approaches to Pedagogic Research. Keynote speakers are Prof Pauline Kneale (University of Plymouth) and Prof Mike Sharples (Open University) and there are workshops from Dr Mark Kerrigan (Plymouth College of Art) and Prof Gina Wisker (University of Brighton). There is a call for proposals for 30 minute sessions on any of the three strands: Digital Futures; Active Learning; Design Thinking Pedagogy
More information at
Photo by Sheila Webber: Orchid, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Friday, January 25, 2019

Librarians Around the World

An e-book has been published, a result of the New Professionals Section of the Library Association of Latvia's project Librarians Around the World. Publication was supported by the State Culture Capital Foundation (Latvia). There are articles from 34 librarians, from 19 countries (see the map). All the librarians say something about their background and their job, and many of the chapters also have useful information about the library scene in that country. A number of them mention information literacy.
It states that aims for the project included "To tell high school students about librarian profession, to tell government about our problems, to make the world see that there are lots of awesome librarians out there. To show that we read (but not only!), do researches, attend conferences, create awesome projects, that also we organize and attend parties together and that sometimes one librarian has to be as an orchestra – to manage and to do everything – create events, catalogue books, buy new books, research, design, sing, dance, act, etc." The ebook is free at

Thursday, January 24, 2019

Innovating #Pedagogy 2019

The annual report on trends in pedagogy, Innovating Pedagogy has been published by The Open University. It has a few pages on each trend, identify by experts in the OU, including further links/reading. The trends they identify for this year are:
Playful learning ("Motivating and engaging learners"); Learning with robots ("Helping teachers free their time for teaching"); Decolonising learning ("Changing perspectives and opening up opportunities"); Drone-based learning ("Enabling and enriching exploration of physical spaces"); Learning through wonder ("Sparking curiosity, investigation, and discovery"); Action learning ("Finding solutions to apply in daily life"); Virtual studios ("Hubs of activity where learners develop creative processes together"); Place-based learning ("Location as a trigger for learning"); Making thinking visible ("Opening windows into student learning"); Roots of empathy ("Social and emotional learning")
Open access at
Photo by Sheila Webber, taken in Second Life (TM of Linden Labs) January 2019

Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Call for papers: Information literacy in all spheres of life

There is a call for papers for the International Conference on Information Literacy, being held at North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa 23-26 September 2019. The theme is Information literacy in all spheres of life. Submissions open on 28 January and close on 30 March 2019. "The ICIL-SA 2019 conference aims to bring together researchers, library and information services professionals, employers, media specialists, educators, policy makers and all other related parties from around the world to exchange knowledge and experience and to discuss recent developments and current challenges in both theory and practice." There is no ECIL conference this year, so this sister conference is filling that slot. Submission types are: Individual papers and posters, PechaKucha, Doctoral forum, Panel discussions. More information at

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

MOOCs: #Metaliteracy; Information and Digital Literacy

Two MOOCs which are enrolling now:
- Metaliteracy: Empowering Yourself in a Connected World. This runs over 10 weeks, and is offered by The State University of New York and taught by Thomas MacKey and colleagues.
- Information & Digital Literacy for University Success, offered By the University of Sydney, running over 6 weeks.
A useful place to search for MOOCs is
Photo by Sheila Webber: tropical plant house, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Monday, January 21, 2019

cfp: Information Literacy Network of the Gulf Cooperation Council spring symposium

There is a Call for Papers for the Information Literacy Network (ILN) of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) event on April 24-25 April 2019, in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, with the theme Education, Impact, and Reflections. The 1st deadline for submissions is January 27, 2018 and the 2nd deadline is February 15, 2019. The event will cost $15. They welcome "proposals for research reports, panel discussions, workshops, and poster presentations. We are seeking proposals from academic, school, public, and special librarians, as well as educators and researchers, on any topic related to information literacy. ... The two-day symposium will bring together librarians, educators, and researchers from the Gulf region and beyond. We seek to exchange ideas, best practices, and exchange knowledge amongst attendees." When submitting proposals you have to include a "description of why your session is relevant to libraries in the Gulf Region right now and how you think delegates will benefit from attending it". More information at
Photo by Sheila Webber: Orchid house, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Saturday, January 19, 2019

#Gamification in Teaching

Gamification in Teaching is an event taking place on 7 February 2019, 4:00-6:00pm, in London, UK. "Games and other forms of playful learning have become increasingly popular in information literacy teaching. This introductory workshop will explore the value of using games to encourage engagement, interaction and reflection and share some practical examples of how digital and analogue games have been developed and used in academic libraries." The workshop is led by Alan Wheeler, Subject Liaison Librarian, Middlesex University and Darren Flynn, Academic Liaison Librarian, Coventry University. Cost is £50.00 to M25 members and £75.00 for other institutions. Go to
Photo by Sheila Webber: tree fern shoot, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Friday, January 18, 2019

Call for chapter proposals: Envisioning the Framework: A Graphic Guide to Information Literacy

Chapter Proposals are sought for a book to be published by ACRL, edited by Jannette Finch; "publication date is tentatively expected in Spring 2021." Abstract submission deadline is February 28 2019 (with notification the following month and first drafts due in August 2019). "Envisioning the Framework offers opportunities for librarians and designers to explore The Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education and its relationship with library data, including assessment, instruction, student learning outcomes, improvements in student learning over time, differences in instruction type, comparison of student level, and much more. ... In Envisioning the Framework, the significance and implications of the Framework and other developments in information literacy are clarified through effective visualizations. Graphic representations of the Framework allow library professionals to easily share concepts with faculty from other disciplines, with library colleagues, and with students. Understanding the relationships between the Frames, student learning outcomes, and assignments within a multidisciplinary environment is enhanced when visualized graphically." Example chapters include: The Frames Visualized as a Whole; Visualizing the Frames in context with threshold concepts in other disciplines; Visualizing Student Learning over Time; The Frames as Interactive 3D Models. You are encouraged to contact the editor at to discuss how your idea may fit within this book’s scope.
Submission Process: A short form with an attached Word document (.doc or .docx) is required for proposal submission. The Word document should be written in Times New Roman, 12 pt., be double-spaced, and include: A working title; Names of all contributing authors & their respective institutions; Contact information for the primary author; Estimated final word count; A brief (250-500 word) description of your proposed chapter. Attach your chapter submission proposal to an email with the subject line: Chapter Proposal Submission_(PrimaryAuthor’sLastName) and send to:
Photo by Sheila Webber: Tree fern, January 2019

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Recent articles: assignments; faculty collaboration; ACRL Framework

Recent articles from the open access journal College & Research Libraries News (Vol 80, No 1, 2019) include:
- Reimagining the research assignment: Faculty-librarian collaborations that increase student learning by Sherri Saines, Sara Harrington, Chad Boeninger, Paul Campbell, John Canter, Bryan McGeary
- Scaffolding the collection manager-instructor relationship: Partnerships for primary source instruction by Mireille Djenno
- Defining and teaching information literacy: Engaging faculty and the Framework by Elizabeth Dolinger
- Scholarship as conversation: Using book reviews to think about scholarly communication by Hailley M. Fargo, Nicholas J. Rowland, Jeffrey A. Knapp
Photo by Sheila Webber: Tree ferns, Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Call for participants - libraries supporting creative disciplines

There is a call from researchers at the University of Washington, USA, to participate in a survey (closing on March 1 2019) open to "librarians at all stages of their careers and in all positions" who are working "with any populations doing creative work, such as visual art, theater, dance, graphic design, creative writing, etc." The survey is here::
Photo by Sheila Webber: Glasgow Botanic Gardens, January 2019

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Call for papers: Western Balkans Information & Media Literacy Conference

There is a call for papers for the Western Balkans Information and Media Literacy Conference, to be held June 20th – 21st 2019, at the Hotel Opal, Bihac, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The theme is Freedom, Accuracy and Truth. There are numerous themes and topics to do with IL and MIL. Keynote speakers are Ismail Serageldin (Emeritus Librarian of Alexandria and the Founding Director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina) and Professor Tefko Saracevic. The deadline for abstracts is 10 April 2019, and for full papers the deadline is 10 May 2019. Full information is at
Photo taken by Sheila Webber in Second Life

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Nominations invited for the 2019 Information Literacy awards

The CILIP Information Literacy Group invites nominations for the 2019 Information Literacy awards. The deadline is March 1st 2019. The results are announced at the LILAC conference in Nottingham, UK, in April 2019. There are two awards: The IL Award honours an individual or team whose work has made a significant contribution to IL over the past 3 years (this is " open to all practitioners, researchers and academics working in the IL field within the United Kingdom"). The Digital Award rewards the best online educational resource supporting IL in 2018 (this is also restricted to those in the UK). You can nominate others or self-nominate. Go to for more details.
Photo by Sheila Webber: Lewes, January 2019

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Call for papers #ASIST2019

There is a call for papers for the 82nd ASIS&T (Association for Information Science and Technology) Annual Meeting, which will be held on  19-23 October 2019 in Melbourne, Australia. Full papers have to be submitted by 10 April 2019.
"We invite original submissions to the ASIS&T Annual Meeting that will shed light on any aspect of information production, organization, discovery, analysis, storage, representation, retrieval, visualization, manipulation, dissemination, use, evaluation, management, and consumption. With a long tradition spanning more than 80 years, the ASIS&T community draws from and contributes to a wide variety of methods, theories, and approaches and we encourage authors to employ the best approach to address their information-centric research questions. Submissions that emphasise how the place, time, and the way in which information is delivered can galvanize or disenfranchise communities are particularly encouraged. Submissions can take the form of a paper, panel, workshop, tutorial or poster/visual presentation, and this year we will introduce an alternative event category."
Go to
Photo by Sheila webber: birds on Thames beach, by the O2, December 2018

Wednesday, January 09, 2019

Recent articles: Digital media and learning

The latest issue of open access journal, Comunicar has just been published with the theme Digital media and learning: Emergent forms of participation and social transformation. It is Vol. 27, no. 58, January 2019. All articles are available in both Spanish and English language version - if you follow the HTML link you will see the links to both pdfs. This issue includes:

- Designing for deep learning in the context of digital and social media by James-Paul Gee, Tempe (United States) & Moisés Esteban-Guitart, Girona (Spain)  "Deep learning and change are hard, and people will avoid them unless they are highly motivated to take on the challenge. The very basis of effective deep learning design is to attract and hold (some) people in space/site/activity through an emotionally-charged socially-shared “affinity” for a cause, idea, or endeavor and with the sorts of people who pursue that idea, endeavor, or cause. However, to truly motivate humans, that affinity needs “legs”, it must offer to take them to better places, to transport them on a journey with others with whom they feel valued and vice-versa."

- Google or Gutenberg Generation: Chilean university students’ reading habits and reading purposes by Giovanni Parodi, Valparaíso (Chile), Tomás Moreno-de-León, Valparaíso (Chile), Cristóbal Julio, Valparaíso (Chile) & Gina Burdiles, Concepción (Chile).
- Connected learning ecologies as an emerging opportunity through Cosplay by Sophia Bender, Bloomington (United States) & Kylie Peppler, Irvine (United States).
- Young people learning from digital media outside of school: The informal meets the formal by Sara Pereira, Braga (Portugal), Joana Fillol, Braga (Portugal) & Pedro Moura, Braga (Portugal).
- Distributed digital contexts and learning: Personal empowerment and social transformation in marginalized populations by Arul Chib, Nanyang (Singapore), Caitlin Bentley, Canberra (Australia) & Reidinar-Juliane Wardoyo, Nanyang (Singapore).
- Exploring the influence of the teacher: Social participation on Twitter and academic perception by Sonia Santoveña-Casal, Madrid (Spain) & César Bernal-Bravo, Madrid (Spain).
- Multiple intelligences and video games: Assessment and intervention with TOI software by Pablo Garmen, Oviedo (Spain), Celestino Rodríguez, Oviedo (Spain), Patricia García-Redondo, Oviedo (Spain) & Juan-Carlos San-Pedro-Veledo, Oviedo (Spain).

Contents page at
Photo by Sheila Webber: Maryon Park, December 2018

Tuesday, January 08, 2019

Social justice in library instruction: call for proposals

The ACRL Instruction Section Conference Program Planning Committee is calling for proposals to talk on social justice in library instruction, for a virtual program in "late spring 2019". "We invite proposals from diverse voices and institutions that demonstrate engaging and practical applications of the the successful integration of social justice in library instruction. Proposals should specify how attendees can utilize these approaches and could include lesson plans, classroom activities, demonstrations, or course syllabi. We will ask you to share an artifact or document of your lesson plans, activities, demonstrations, or syllabi with the audience for practical application and adaptation. Each panelist will have 10-15 minutes to showcase their approach (e.g. a lesson plan, classroom activity, demonstration, course syllabi, etc.). There will be a Q&A period following all presenters." The deadline for proposals is 1 February 2019, and the form is here:
Photo by Sheila Webber: Canary Wharf in the mist, December 2018

Monday, January 07, 2019

New articles: pharmacy students; evaluation of teen #healthliteracy projects

- Conlogue, B.C. (2019). Information literacy instruction for pharmacy students: a pharmacy librarian reflects on a year of teaching. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 107(1), 98–102. "Librarians have ever-expanding teaching responsibilities in many academic disciplines. Assessment of learning outcomes requires longitudinal evaluation to measure true retention of skills and knowledge. This is especially important in the health sciences, including pharmacy, where librarians take an active role in teaching students to help prepare them for a profession in which solid information literacy skills are required to safely and effectively provide evidence-based care to patients. In this commentary, I reflect on a year of teaching in a pharmacy program and consider the outcomes of my instruction, areas for improvement, student retention of learning, assessment challenges, faculty-librarian collaboration, and continued support for library instruction in the pharmacy curriculum."
- Keselman, A., Chase, R. A., Rewolinski, J., Dutton, Y. C., & Kelly, J. E. (2019). Lessons learned from multisite implementation and evaluation of Project SHARE, a teen health information literacy, empowerment, and leadership program. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 107(1), 72-79. "Teens at six sites across the country participated in a multi-week curriculum that focused on various aspects of health literacy, information literacy, and leadership. Lesson topics addressed personal health, social determinants of health, information quality, and communication and advocacy skills. Program evaluation included both quantitative and qualitative components and focused on multiple knowledge and skills outcome variables. Results suggested that while teens at all sites showed improvement, particularly with respect to engagement and interest in the topics, the degree of gains in knowledge and information literacy measures varied significantly from site to site. On-site implementation planning, cohesive integration of added activities, and emphasis on retention can contribute to implementation and evaluation effectiveness. This work also underscores the limitation of a purely quantitative approach to capturing the impact of health information and stresses the importance of supplementing numerical scores and statistics with qualitative data."
Photo by Sheila Webber: Marmite jar collection, December 2018

Sunday, January 06, 2019

Booking opens for #LILAC19

Booking for the UK information literacy conference LILAC (taking place in Nottingham, UK, 24-26 April 2019) has started (though the programme isn't up yet). Go to

Saturday, January 05, 2019

Pew Research report on USA consumption of news

In December 2018 Pew Research Center published a report with results of research into the preferred mode of consuming news (of people in the USA). "Overall, 47% of Americans prefer watching the news rather than reading or listening to it. That is unchanged from 46% in 2016 and outpaces the 34% who prefer to read the news and 19% who prefer to listen to it – both of which also remain on par with 2016 figures." "Television continues to rank first as the preferred platform. Just over four-in-ten U.S. adults (44%) prefer TV, compared with about a third (34%) who prefer the web, 14% who prefer radio and 7% who prefer print. The only meaningful shifts since 2016 are a small increase in online and decrease in print news consumption." "Adults younger than 50 are more likely than those ages 50 and older to prefer the internet as the platform for getting news, regardless of which format (reading, watching or listening) they enjoy most." Full information at
Photo by Sheila Webber: festive/non-festive doors of South London, December 2018

Friday, January 04, 2019

Re-theorizing #Literacy Practices

An interesting book published right at the end of 2018: Bloome, D., Castanheira, M.L., Leung, C., & Rowsell, J. (Eds). (2018). Re-theorizing Literacy Practices: Complex Social and Cultural Contexts. Routledge. information here (or rather interesting-looking book: unfortunately, like all academic looks, it is not cheap, so I'm not sure yet whether I'll buy it and the library doesn't have it yet).
It focuses on literacy as a social practice: for me this connects, or should connect, with the work which looks at information literacy as a social practice (but I don't think the authors make that connection). The book is a tribute to the work of Brian V. Street, author of, for example, Social Literacies: Critical Approaches to Literacy in Development, Ethnography and Education (1995, Routledge) (information here).
Photo by Sheila Webber: Canary Wharf from the O2, December 2018

Thursday, January 03, 2019

Books and their reviews: Threshold concepts, Google Scholar; Undergraduate research

I don't usually include the book reviews when I list new journal articles, so I thought for a change I would pick out three of the books reviewed in the issue of Journal of Academic Librarianship (JAL) that I posted yesterday. Since JAL is a priced publication, I set myself the challenge of finding an open access review for each book as well. Here they are.
- Francis, M. (2017). The fun of motivation: Crossing the threshold concepts. Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL (2017), 168 pp. $48.00. ISBN 978-8389-8933-3. Information available here.  Reviews of the book: JAL review (priced article); C&RL review (open access)
- Alfonzo, P. (2016). Teaching Google Scholar: A practical guide for librarians. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 188 pp. $65.00. ISBN 978-1-4422-4358-3. The site with information on the Practical Guides series is here.  Reviews of the book: JAL review (priced article); Library Quarterly review (priced, but the first page free); Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship review (open access version here)
-  Hensley, M. & Davis-Kahl, S. (2017). Undergraduate research and the academic librarian. Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL, (348 pp. $65.00. ISBN 978-0-8389-8908-1). Available here and as an open access edition. Reviews of the book: JAL review (priced article); C&RL review (open access)
Photo by Sheila Webber: winter branches, Brunswick Square, December 2018.

Wednesday, January 02, 2019

Recent articles: Collage effect; Engineering IL; International students; LibGuides; Embedded librarians

Volume 44 issue 6 of the priced Journal of Academic Librarianship includes the following articles:
- Effective Engineering Information Literacy Instruction: A Systematic Literature Review by Margaret Phillips, Amy Van Epps, Nastasha Johnson, Dave Zwicky
- How Are We the Same or Different: Information Needs and Barriers of Domestic and International Students by Sei-Ching Joanna Sin, Kyung-Sun Kim
- Lessons Learned From a Failed Research Project: An Informal Examination of LibGuide Design and Use Became a Professional Growth Opportunity by Doris Van Kampen-Breit, Renée H. Gould
- The “Collage Effect” – Against Filter Bubbles: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Combating the Pitfalls of Information Technology by Péter Kiszl, János Fodor. "Based on our experiences we believe that current and future readers can be reached through intriguing collages of credible information. The use of collages can compensate for the effects of filter bubbles, and librarians may become the masters of creating digital information collages."
- Embedded Librarianship in Research in Nigerian Universities: Practices and Sources of Practice Knowledge by Samaila Inuwa, A. Abrizah. "Six themes that emerged from the embedding practices are (a) doing research and publishing papers; (b) being editor of a national journal/reviewing manuscripts of publication; (c) managing the life cycle of data; (d) disseminating research output; (e) providing scholarly publication service and bibliometrics analysis; and (f) conducting research method course."
Go to
Photo by Sheila Webber: sprout stalks, December 2018