Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Information Literacy in Higher Education: A Sociocultural Perspective

A new book is Information Literacy in Higher Education: A Sociocultural Perspective, which is authored by a group of Colombian-based academics and published by Springer. The book has 134 pages and the following chapters: The Study of Information Literacy in University Education; The Concept of Information in the Documentation and Information Science Fields; Methodological Proposal for the Observation of Information Literacy; Information Literacy Profiles of University Students; Information Literacy and Experiences of University Professors; Shifts in Information Literacy Research.
- Cabra-Torres, F., Marciales Vivas, G.P., Castañeda-Peña, H., Barbosa-Chacón, J.W., Melo González, L. & Hernández, O. (2020). Information Literacy in Higher Education: A Sociocultural Perspective. Springer. ISBN-13: 978-3030500139 https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030500139
Photo by Sheila Webber: beautiful blush rose cluster, July 2020

Monday, August 10, 2020

Data Justice and COVID-19: Global Perspectives

A new book which can be viewed or downloaded free download or bought in hard copy is Data Justice and COVID-19: Global Perspectives. The focus is on the technologies used for data access/manipulation/monitoring etc., and it would be a useful reader when discussing issues of data privacy, who has power over our data etc. The book starts with perspectives on issues such as privacy and COVI19 contact tracing, and then has sections with "reports" from 28 countries or regions around the world. Go to https://meatspacepress.com/
Photo by Sheila Webber: City of London, July 2020

Friday, August 07, 2020

Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2020 #Globalmilweek #MILCLICKS

Global Media and Information Literacy (MIL) Week 2020 takes place 24-31 October 2020, and will be a virtual event with the theme Resisting disinfodemic: Media and Information Literacy for everyone and by everyone. Everyone is encouraged to organise some action or event for Global MIL week, and there will be more on this blog about how we aim to celebrate it in the the Information School at the University of Sheffield! https://en.unesco.org/commemorations/globalmilweek/2020/howtocelebrate

Thursday, August 06, 2020

Call for proposals: The Connection

There's a call (open until 7 September 2020) for all sorts of proposals for the virtual event talking place in March 2021 and organised by the Library Collective. It is The Connection, offering "useful, fun, and affordable virtual professional development to library workers": "Inform us with your scholarship. Share your expert opinions. Wow us with your innovations. Show off your creativity. Display your colors, your personas, your playlists. Let us hear your voices in word and song. Help us see you and your work through still and moving images."
The conference page is at https://www.thelibrarycollective.org/libcon and The call for proposals is at https://www.thelibrarycollective.org/collaborate
Photo by Sheila Webber: a Community Virtual Library event in Second Life, July 2020

Wednesday, August 05, 2020

Recent articles: news consumption; use of research databases; visual analysis

Some articles from the last few issues of priced journal Journal of Information Science:
- Tang, R. & Oh, K. (2020). University students’ mobile news consumption activities and evaluative/affective reactions to political news during election campaigns: A diary study. Journal of Information Science, 46(4), 476-495. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551519845855
- Islam, A. & Sheikh, A. (2020). A study of the determinants of postgraduate students’ satisfaction of using online research databases. Journal of Information Science, 46(2), 273-287. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551519834714
- Greyson, D, O'Brien, H & Shankar, S. (2020). Visual analysis of information world maps: An exploration of four methods. Journal of Information Science, 46(3), 361-377. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551519837174
Photo by Sheila webber: pink rose, August 2020

Tuesday, August 04, 2020

Webinar: Data Curation and Visualization in the Arts & Humanities

There is a webinar from the Arts & Humanities Special Interest Group of ASIS&T on 5 August 2020 at 12 noon to 4pm US Eastern time (which is e.g. 5pm-9pm UK time) on Data Curation and Visualization in the Arts & Humanities. It is free to ASIS&T members and costs $25 to others. "The symposium starts with a presentation about three methodological approaches for (re)constructing the information structure of a Chicago public housing community archive utilizing photographic and manuscript items found in the Henry Booth Settlement House archive. The next presentation will be a map visualization project about the COVID-19 spread developed specifically for creating effective policy making based on the discoveries of disease spread and human behaviors built from cell phone data.
.. [the final] presentation will give details on how to create a maker space for fiber pattern creations to embroider from digital images. Fans of rare illuminated manuscripts will celebrate the resources." Go to https://www.asist.org/meetings-events/webinars/sig-ah-virtual-symposium-data-curation-and-visualization-in-the-arts-humanities/
Photo by Sheila Webber: Spanish chestnut in the park, July 2020

Monday, August 03, 2020

Ofcom's Making Sense of Media Network #MILCLICKS #medialiteracy

Ofcom (the UK media watchdog agency) is "launching a Making Sense of Media Network, to bring together organisations and individuals with expertise in media literacy to work towards a shared goal of improving the online skills, knowledge and understanding of UK adults and children". I just happened to come across it, so I'm not sure how long this has been published, but they are making a call for interested individuals and organisations to fill in a form expressing interest, which still seems to be open. Do not be put of the "media" literacy tag, as much of what they describe could be categorised as information literacy. I think they are aiming at people in the UK. Go to https://www.ofcom.org.uk/research-and-data/media-literacy-research/network

Saturday, August 01, 2020

Friday, July 31, 2020

Role of Library and Knowledge Specialists in Moving Education and Training Online

The UK's Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals's (CILIP) Information Literacy Group has released a Statement on the Role of Library and Knowledge Specialists in Moving Education and Training Online to "raise awareness of the roles that library and knowledge specialists can play in improving the quality of online education and training resources." It can be found here https://www.cilip.org.uk/news/518869/Role-of-Library-and-Knowledge-Specialists-in-Moving-Education-and-Training-Online.htm

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Webinar: Engaging your online audience in IL instruction

The UK's Open University Library and Royal Holloway University of London Library are running a free online workshop on 11 August 2020, 1.30-2.30pm UK time: Get connected! Engaging your online audience in IL instruction. "In this webinar, Librarians at the Open University (OU) Library and Royal Holloway Library will share their expertise and examples on how you can make your online teaching more accessible, interactive and engaging. ... The event will cover: Examples of interactive activities you can run online; Pedagogical principles underlying online learning; Ensuring the accessibility of your online activities. Presenters are: Eva Dann (Information Consultant, Royal Holloway); Hossam Kassem (Teaching and Learning Librarian, The Open University); Greg Leurs (Digital and Online Teaching Information Consultant, Royal Holloway). Register at https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/o/the-ou-and-royal-holloway-university-of-london-30803535870
Photo by Sheila Webber: Canary Wharf, July 2020

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

New articles: fake news; teaching teachers; doctoral students; meta-synthesis

The latest issue of the Journal of Academic Librarianship (priced) (Volume 46 issue 5) includes:
- Information literacy and fake news: How the field of librarianship can help combat the epidemic of fake news (this article is open access) by Saoirse De Paor, Bahareh Heravi
- Teaching the teachers to teach information literacy: A literature review by Jane Hammons
- Faculty perceptions of librarians and library services: Exploring the impact of librarian faculty status and beyond by Cathy Weng, David C. Murray
- Research workflow skills for education doctoral students and postdocs: A qualitative study by Sharon Ince, Christopher Hoadley, Paul A. Kirschner
- Academic library guides for tackling fake news: A content analysis by Sook Lim
- Meta-synthesis in Library & Information Science Research by Juan Xie, Qing Ke, Ying Cheng, Nancy Everhart
Go to https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/the-journal-of-academic-librarianship/vol/46/issue/5
Photo by Sheila Webber: flowerbed in the park, July 2020

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

International Visual Literacy Association grants

The International Visual Literacy Association (IVLA) has a call for proposals for research, with grants of up to US $3,000, deadline August 15 2020. You have to be a member of the Association to apply. "The purpose of the IVLA competitive Research Grants Program is to encourage and support empirical research in visual literacy. Grant funds may be used for direct costs associated with the research project, including materials, software, tokens of appreciation for research participants, travel to collect or analyze data, transcription services, research assistants, etc. Grant funds may not be used for release time, salary, or conference travel, or to pay indirect costs or other overhead." The details are at https://ivla.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/IVLA-Research-Grants-CFP.pdf
Photo by Sheila Webber: redberries, July 2020

Monday, July 27, 2020

Webinar: online teaching of medical IL skills

The ACRL Health Sciences Interest Group organised a series of free one-hour webinars on Interactive Online Learning. The last one is on August 7 2020 at 9am US Pacific time (which is, e.g., 5pm UK time). This has 3 presentations:
- Health Information Literacy and Interactive Video: An Accessible, Asynchronous, Student-Driven Search Strategies Activity (Samantha (Sam) Harlow, online learning librarian and liaison to Kinesiology, Public Health Education, and Community and Therapeutic Recreation at the University of North Carolina Greensboro, USA)
- Video Modules for Online Learning: Creating Content for the New Normal (Julia Stumpff, Instructional Design Librarian, and Laura Menard, Assistant Director for Medical Education and Access Services, Ruth Lilly Medical Library, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA).
- Breakout! Utilizing a Virtual Breakout Room to Teach Hands-On Medical Research Skills (Vera Elwood, Instructional Services Librarian at Central Methodist University, USA)
Register for this session here: https://ala-events.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_QH4Tn_LtSZ2BSP2pkOdx2Q
You can get more details, plus (scroll down the page) the recordings and slides from the previous webinars at https://acrl.libguides.com/c.php?g=519489&p=6027142
Photo by Sheila Webber: hydrangea, July 2020

Saturday, July 25, 2020

Short online courses: Design thinking; IL and retention; Early ;literacy

Upcoming online short courses from Library Juice Academy include:
- Introduction to Design Thinking. $175, next running 3-30 August 2020. "Design Thinking is an approach to tackling problems and developing creative, user-centered solutions. This course will walk participants through the theory behind this process and offer a chance to gain hands-on experience with each step in the Design Thinking cycle." More info at https://libraryjuiceacademy.com/shop/course/160-introduction-to-design-thinking/?attribute_pa_session=2020-aug
- Student Retention in Higher Education: Information Literacy and Beyond. $175, next running September 7 - October 4 2020. "we will discuss major aspects of student retention. We review case studies of librarians who lead retention programs in action. The course also includes lectures, required and suggested readings (available as open access texts online), work tools, and a chance to create a beginner’s proposal to campus administration to create a grass roots program, or to become embedded into an existing retention program. " More info at https://libraryjuiceacademy.com/shop/course/042-student-retention-in-higher-education-information-literacy-and-beyond/?attribute_pa_session=2020-09-sep
- Foundations of Early Literacy. $175, next running September 7 - October 4 2020 "you will become familiar with the early literacy skills (phonological awareness, print awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary, and background knowledge) and practices (talking, singing, reading, writing, and playing). Building on this knowledge, we will explore ways to apply them to your work, including ways to make library environments supportive of staff sharing early literacy information and activities with parents and caregivers." More info at https://libraryjuiceacademy.com/shop/course/166-foundations-early-literacy/?attribute_pa_session=2020-09-sep
Photo by Sheila Webber: hydrangea, June 2020

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Digital skills

A report has just been published by the UK's All Party Parliamentary Group on Digital Skills: the Group's purpose was "to provide a forum for parliamentarians, educators and employers to promote the importance of digital skills and to encourage a greater understanding of digital skills for personal, educational and career development". One of the problems for me was they don't seem to define what they mean by "digital skills". Anyway, they identify issues to do with access and inclusion, and the need for training, including (as the emphasis is on economic impact) workplace training. They make a number of recommendations for government policy.
A quote I'll pick out is "Data poverty also continues to rise, as many vulnerable people are now facing a choice between food and data. A root cause of data poverty is unaffordable monthly broadband and data bills."
The Group page is here: https://connectpa.co.uk/digital-skills-appg/
The report is here:  https://connectpa.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Digital-Skills-APPG-report-2020.pdf
Photo by Sheila Webber: summer berries, July 2020

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Outcomes of the first WHO global #infodemiology conference - how can we get library and information science into this conversation? @CILIPinfo @asist_org

Today there was a webcast with Outcomes of the first WHO global infodemiology conference. The conference was got together quickly, so perhaps it wasn't surprising that it didn't include all the participants you'd expect. However reflecting on how it seemed inevitable that librarianship & information science seemed to be ignored yet again, I moved from apathy to anger. I managed to get in a comment about the lack of input from LIS into the Youtube chat of this webcast before they switched the chat off...
On the one hand, it is negative to view this initiative purely in terms of who wasn't there, on the other, are we just going to accept that the work of librarians and information scientists about  ... um ... information ... and misinformation is now irrelevant? I can think of the ways in which I could have acted to make LIS ideas more prominent, and I'm sure others can as well (I have tagged my two professional associations in the title of this blog post).
However, it is also an embedded ignorance on the part of institutions, apparently unaware that LIS as a discipline can make a serious contribution to policy in an area where information is the topic!!
I have included a screenshot of the research agenda drawn up through the discussion in the conference - many of the topics have been on the research agenda of library and information fields for years, and there is research there if people from other disciplines were to look for it!

So it's up to me - and others of us in the LIS community - to think how we can stop institutions ignoring us.
- The preconference material is here.
- The main conference material is here .
- The postconference material is here and is useful to watch for the summaries and next steps parts. It evidently was a valuable experience for those who participated.
- The webcast is here https://youtu.be/go0ku4-8GCk
Actions you can take are listed here (scroll down): https://www.who.int/teams/risk-communication/infodemic-management/post-conference-1st-who-infodemiology-conference

P.S. the person who appears to have coined the term Infodemiology, Gunther Eysenbach, was not invited (according to his comment in the chat), and the initiative also did not link with the efforts of the UNESCO Media and Information Literacy initiative, to my knowledge.

Monday, July 20, 2020

New articles: Il practice and theory; mapping information literacy; playful learning; visual literacy; autoethnography

​​There is a special issue of the IFLA Journal (Volume 46, No.2, June 2020) focusing on information literacy. You can download the whole issue as a free pdf (see link below). The contents are:
- Information literacy: From practice to research and back again (Editorial) Gaby Haddow and Min Chou
- Knowledge visualization and mapping of information literacy, 1975–2018 Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha
- Refining information literacy practice: Examining the foundations of information literacy theory Michael Flierl and Clarence Maybee
- Theory into practice: Challenges and implications for information literacy teaching Deborah Schachter
- Playful learning for information literacy development Andrew Walsh
- Curating knowledge, creating change: University Knowledge Center, Kosovo national transition Mary M. Somerville, Anita Mirjamdotter, Edmond Harjizi, Elham Sayyad-Abdi, Michele Gibney, Christine Bruce and Ian Stoodley
- Adult learning theories and autoethnography: Informing the practice of information literacy Karen Bordonaro
- Studying visual literacy: Research methods and the use of visual evidence Krystyna K. Matusiak
pdf at https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/hq/publications/ifla-journal/ifla-journal-46-2_2020.pdf journal homepage for all issues https://www.ifla.org/publications/ifla-journal
Photo by Sheila Webber: hydrangea, July 2020

Sunday, July 19, 2020

Recent articles: dark knowledge; HEA Fellowship, nurses' information behaviour; use of the IL Framework in China

Burnett, S. and Lloyd, A. (2020). Hidden and forbidden: conceptualising dark knowledge. Journal of documentation . [Early online publication] https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-12-2019-0234 Open access version at https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/895064/hidden-and-forbidden-conceptualising-dark-knowledge "The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of Dark Knowledge, an epistemology which acknowledges both alternative knowledges and ways of knowing which are cognizant of the moral and ethical positioning of each."

The 2020 virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal was also recently published with Table of Contents here. It is composed of older articles taken from the last couple of years, but offered on open access. These are the two most recent ones, I think, relevant to infolit:
- George, S and Rowland, J. (2019). Demonstrating the impact of your teaching: benefits of Higher Education Academy Fellowship for librarians. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 36(3), 288-293 https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12272
- Butler, R. (2019). Health information seeking behaviour: the librarian's role in supporting digital and health literacy. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 36(3), 278-282
https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12278

and also this older one is particularly worth highlighting
- Alving, B. et al. (2018). Hospital nurses’ information retrieval behaviours in relation to evidence based nursing: a literature review. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 35(1), 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12204

Xie, J. (2020). Information Literacy Instruction at the University of Macau: Challenges, Outcomes, and Lessons Learned. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 20(2), 255-268. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/753297 "Academic libraries in Macao, China, began to use the term "information literacy" and to offer information literacy programs approximately three years ago. At the University of Macau, information literacy is considered important to help the honors students become junior researchers. Using the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education as the teaching guide, the University of Macau Library offered one-time research workshops to second-year honors students in 2017 and 2018. The challenges included the variety of subjects studied by the honors students, a lack of understanding of the students' information literacy skills prior to the workshop, and limited opportunities to examine the long-term learning impact. The workshop convinced the students of the importance of information literacy. Raising awareness of the importance of information literacy to the students and educators campus wide, offering workshops to one or two disciplines, and forming a university library team to create and implement a compulsory information literacy exam are recommended."
Photo by Sheila Webber: ladybird on nettle leaf, May 2020

Friday, July 17, 2020

Shifting teaching online

There is a series of "case studies" on the CILIP Information Literacy website, with librarians describing how they have shifted IL teaching online. So far there are contributions from: Delyth Morris (Subject Librarian for Medicine at Cardiff University); David Bedford (Academic Support Librarian at Universities at Medway); Sarah Smyth (Assistant Librarian at Ulster University); Lesley English (Faculty Librarian (Teaching and Learning) at Lancaster University); Eleanor Barker and Veronica Phillips (Medical Library at the University of Cambridge); Hossam Kassem (Open University). https://infolit.org.uk/category/online-teaching-case-studies/

SCONUL 7 Pillars of Information Literacy

Once in a while it's worth highlighting existing resources. There are links to the current version of the SCONUL 7 Pillars of Information Literacy, of the "lenses" that have been developed (e.g. Employability lens), an evaluation of the use of the model, and the original (1999) model at https://www.sconul.ac.uk/page/seven-pillars-of-information-literacy.
Also worth mentioning are:
- Dalton, M. (2013). Developing an evidence-based practice healthcare lens for the SCONUL Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model. Journal of Information Literacy, 7(1), 30-43. https://ojs.lboro.ac.uk/JIL/article/view/PRA-V7-I1-2013-3 (this isn't one of the "official" lens, so isn't mentioned on the page above) and
- Lockerbie, H. and Williams, D. (2019). Seven pillars and five minds: small business workplace information literacy. Journal of Documentation,75(5), 977-994. https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-09-2018-0151 - open access version here (an interesting recent application of the Pillars to a non-academic setting)

Thursday, July 16, 2020

Webinar: COVID-19 and the Digital Divide

Cumberland Lodge has organised a webinar at 11am UK time on 5 August 2020, on COVID-19 & the Digital Divide. The panel consists of Robin Christopherson (Head of Digital Inclusion, AbilityNet), Shabira Papain (Head of Diversity, Inclusion and Reach, NHS), Lauren Razavi (Writer, Speaker and Strategist). "The webinar will explore digital inclusion, with a focus on the particular challenges and obstacles that have arisen thanks to COVID-19. There will be reflection on what society has learnt in recent months about the digital divide and its impact on society, and what policymakers, government and individuals can do to address digital exclusion." The discussion will draw on findings and recommendations from the Cumberland Lodge Report on Digital Inclusion: Bridging Divides (not yet published). More info and registration at https://www.cumberlandlodge.ac.uk/whats-on/dialogue-debate-covid-19-digital-divide
Cumberland Lodge is a charitable foundation which was set up to be "a place where people would 'examine the fundamental assumptions' behind complex challenges facing society". Their publications, webinars etc. cover some interesting topics and you can browse past things at https://www.cumberlandlodge.ac.uk/read-watch-listen - for example A Dialogue & Debate webinar on Fake News & Press Freedom, streamed on 6 May 2020.
Photo by Sheila Webber: hollyhock, July 2020

Wednesday, July 15, 2020

United National publications on #COVID

This is a useful search string to get a list of the UN publications relating to COVID19: https://tinyurl.com/ybyko5tm or this. Mostly they are short papers, and the list includes:
Digital Connectivity during COVID-19 : Access to Vital Information for Every Child (June 2020) by Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Rogers Twesigye, Rostislav Zlámal, Marium Saeed, David Smahel, Mariya Stoilova and Sonia Livingstone. There are also papers relating to various protected or vulnerable populations (e.g. older people, women and girls, people on the move, indigenous peoples) and the relationship with Sustainable Development Goals. 



Webinars: Hidden Architectures in Information Literacy

A priced three-part webinar series from ACRL is Hidden Architectures in Information Literacy, which will "make visible the structures, practices, and contexts of information literacy programs in academic libraries." The dates are: 21 July 2020, 28 July 2020 and 4 August 2020, all at 2-3pm US Eastern time (which is, e.g., 7-8pm UK time). The costs are: All 3 - ACRL member US $130; ALA member $200; Nonmember $230; Student $100; Group $595. Individual webinars: ACRL member $50; ALA member $75; Nonmember $90; Student $40; Group $295.
The learning outcomes are: Part One: Articulate the goals of an existing or potential information literacy program; Examine the relationship of information literacy program structures to their institutional contexts; Analyze the goals and structure of an existing or potential information literacy program in order to align them
Part Two: Identify differing information literacy program leadership and management strategies; Examine practices for setting boundaries and negotiating best practices with information literacy stakeholders, including non-library faculty; Explore how power is distributed, shared, and managed in order to facilitate equitable instruction program development
Part Three: Identify potential campus partners in order to integrate information literacy into larger curricular contexts; Articulate best practices for successful information literacy-related collaboration in order to begin relationship-building; Prepare and plan for challenges to collaboration in order to ensure sustainable partnerships.
Full information at http://www.ala.org/acrl/onlinelearning/hidden
Photo by Sheila Webber: front door is a little overgrown, July 2020

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Digitaler Kompass - young people & news about COVID

A German-language report from a small scale Austrian survey (about 300 young people aged 11-20, responding May/July 2020) identified that the young people were turning back to more traditional media in informing themselves about COVID-19 with TV, personal communication and online news sites being the most used, and Instagram the most used social media. Unsurprisingly (since it was the most used social media) Instagram was also top for fake news, with TikTok 2nd. Go to https://www.digitalerkompass.at/corona-report-jugend-und-medien/
The survey was carried out by Digitaler Kompass, the "Institute for news literacy and digital education", which is supported by a number of agencies, including the EU and the company 3 https://www.digitalerkompass.at/ and https://www.facebook.com/digitalerkompass/

Monday, July 13, 2020

UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development #SDGs - webinar *today* #HLPF2020

Some key sessions from this forum are being streamed, and there is a side event today (July 13 at 4.30 UK time) which IFLA has been involved in organising Culture: An Accelerator Under-Used? "HLPF2020 Side Event, on realising the potential of culture for short-term recovery and long-term sustainable development" Register for the webinar here. More explanation from IFLA here.
The whole High Level Political Forum is 7 July-16 July.
- Recordings of previous sessions are here https://unitar.org/sustainable-development-goals/multilateral-diplomacy/our-portfolio/2020-sdgs-learning-training-practice
- The programme is here (n.b. the times are US Eastern Time): https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/hlpf/2020#programme
- The livestream is here: https://unitar.org/ny/live

Friday, July 10, 2020

New articles: News credibility; Students preferred text format; Academic websites' information for those with disabilities

Articles from the latest issue (vol 81 no 5) of open access College and Research Libraries includes:
- News Credibility: Adapting and Testing a Source Evaluation Assessment in Journalism by Piotr S. Bobkowski, Karna Younger "This paper discusses the development of a source evaluation assessment, and presents the results of using this instrument in a one-semester information literacy course for journalism students."
- Beyond the Surveys: Qualitative Analysis from the Academic Reading Format International Study (ARFIS) by Diane Mizrachi, Alicia M. Salaz "The Academic Reading Format International Study (ARFIS) collected data from more than 21,000 university students in 33 countries regarding their reading format (print or electronic) preferences and behaviors when engaging with academic texts during a three-year period. Quantitative analysis shows a consistent preference for print reading among most students worldwide. This paper presents new findings from our qualitative analysis of students’ survey comments"
- “Without That Detail, I’m Not Coming”: The Perspectives of Students with Disabilities on Accessibility Information Provided on Academic Library Websites by Amelia Brunskill
Go to https://crl.acrl.org/index.php/crl/issue/view/1582/showToc
Photo by Sheila Webber: Hydrangea, July 2020

Wednesday, July 08, 2020

ISIC virtual conference

The ISIC (Information Seeking in Context) conference, taking place 28 September to October 2 2020, is now an online conference. Keynote talks are: Archie L Dick on South Africa’s Long Walk to Information Freedom; Gunilla Widen on Infodemic – the challenges of making sense of information disorder and what is the cure?; Naresh Agarwal on The many meanings of Context: Can we arrive at a shared understanding?
Panel sessions are: Exploring the affective dimensions of archives (Wendy Duff, Heather MacNeil, Jennifer Douglas, Henria Aton); Information behaviour and practice research for social impact (Heidi Julien, Rebekah Willson, Ian Ruthven and Nicole Dalmer); What’s fun got to do with it? What fun-life contexts teach us about the bounds of context (Melissa G. Ocepek, Gary Burnett, Eric Forcier and Yazdan Mansourian). Registration at http://www.isic2020.co.za/index.php/registration-and-fees/
Photo by Sheila Webber: hydrangea, June 2020

Monday, July 06, 2020

#HIW2020 Health Information Week

This week is Health Information Week 2020: 6 July to 12 July. There is a website with information for professionals and the public at at https://healthinfoweek.wixsite.com/healthinfoweek According to the NHS Knowledge for Healthcare blog there will be themes for each day
Monday 6th July: Health literacy
Tuesday 7th July: Mental Health
Wednesday 8th July: Sepsis
Thursday 9th July: Healthy lifestyles
Friday 10th July: Mobile apps
Saturday 11th July: Mythbusting Common Conditions
Sunday 12th July: Wellbeing and mindfulness

One event is the WeNurses Health Information Week chat on 9 July at 8pm UK time "The chat will explore a number of questions to mirror this year's Health Information Week themes from a nursing perspective. Visit the website http://www.wecommunities.org/tweet-chats/chat-details/5520"

Sunday, July 05, 2020

#uklibchat 6th July 2020 - LGBTQ+ representation and support in libraries

The next #uklibchat takes place on 6 July from 7.00 – 8.30pm UK time. The topic is LGBTQ+ representation and support in libraries and more information can be found here https://uklibchat.wordpress.com/

Friday, July 03, 2020

After the Fact: Carla Hayden on America's Library; Infodemic

An interesting podcast series is the Pew Trust's After the fact. The latest episode (2 July) is The New American Library "Everybody knows what happened on the Fourth of July, but what about the First of July? That’s the anniversary of America’s first free library. Established in 1731 by Ben Franklin, it marked the democratization of information. Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden—the first woman and African American in that role—talks about how libraries and librarians continue that mission to this day." Go to https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2020/07/02/the-new-american-library

The previous podcast was on The Infodemic "According to the World Health Organization, people are not only living through an epidemic but also an “infodemic”—a surge of information about COVID-19 that has made it hard for people to know which news and guidance about the virus is accurate. In a conversation with Alan Miller, founder and CEO of the News Literacy Project, we discuss how to sort fact from fiction today"

Ones before that included topics such as The Broadband Gap—Who's Not Online in America Today (picking up on Pew's research studies).
The homepage for the podcast is here https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2017/01/after-the-fact and you can subscribe through Apple, Spotify etc.

Thursday, July 02, 2020

Webinar: Wellbeing: let’s talk… from a distance

There is a webinar on 8 July 10-12.30am UK time: Wellbeing: let’s talk… from a distance, organised by CILIP ARLG North West. "The sessions will look at supporting both student and staff wellbeing in our [further andd higher education] organisations. The sessions, a mixture of exchange of experience and a workshop, will provide an opportunity to reflect on your own wellbeing and give you ideas to support students." Speakers are
- A whole college approach to wellbeing (Corinne Walker, Learning Resources Manager, Oldham College LRC)
- Learning lessons: a plan for working well at home (Mark Burgess & Helen Dobson, Manchester Metropolitan University Library)
- Creativity for wellbeing (Emma Thompson, Education Lead: Creativity for wellbeing (KnowHow/Library), University of Liverpool)
- Shelf Help (Lorna Thomson, Resource Librarian, Bury College LRC)
To book email Jacqueline Ponka jpo@holycross.ac.uk and there is more detail at https://arlgnw.wordpress.com/
Photo by Sheila Webber: sun through new leaves, May 2020

Webinar today: Media and Information Literacy as a defence against privacy and data protection infringements #MILCLICKS

There is another UNESCO Media and Information Literacy webinar on July 2nd 2020 at 4pm Paris time (3pm UK time). The topic this time is Media and Information Literacy as a defence against privacy and data protection infringements You cannot miss this high-level UNESCO-GAPMIL webinar next Thursday at 4 PM Paris time. Speakers are Professor Sonia Livingstone (London School of Economics and Political Science - LSE), Professor Joe Cannataci (UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy), Professor Hopeton Dunn (University of Botswana_Official), Toby Mendel (Executive Director of the Centre for Law and Democracy) and Professor Gretchen King (Lebanese American University - LAU).
Go to https://www.facebook.com/MILCLICKS/ for the webinar, no registration needed

Wednesday, July 01, 2020

LIRT top twenty articles

The latest issue of LIRT [Library Instruction Round Table] News has the annual LIRT list of their "top 20 articles" (published in 2019) on teaching information literacy. As usual, there is a bias towards North American articles, but it is still an interesting list to dip into. An attractive feature is the provision of an informative abstract for each item (not just a copy of what was in the original article). The issue is at http://www.ala.org/rt/sites/ala.org.rt/files/content/archive/2020jun.pdf and the Top 20 list starts on page 9.

Quite a few of the articles are not open access and I have listed a number of them on this blog already. One which I have missed previously is:
Douglas, V. A., & Gadsby, J. (2019, July 10). All carrots, no sticks: Relational practice and library instruction coordination. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2019/all-carrots-no-sticks-relational-practice-and-library-instruction-coordination/
Photo by Sheila Webber: vase of peonies, June 2020

Tuesday, June 30, 2020

#TakeCareBeforeYouShare #ThinkBeforeSharing

Today, as part of its anti-misinformation campagign, the United Nations launched the campaign #TakeCareBeforeYouShare There is a video of the launch press conference here: https://youtu.be/rH8BkTkRFuY They chose to launch on World Social Media Day (30 June), a day that, when it was started a few years ago, was initially rather more celebratory, but today is characterised by people emphasising how you need to counter misinformation.
This adds to the existing UNESCO #MILCLICKS campaign #ThinkBeforeSharing

ALDinHE recordings: Librarians as teachers; Embedding micro-sessions; emotional labour

There are recordings from a number of webinars related to higher education, that took place over the last few months, including some presentations that were due to be given at the 2020 LILAC (information literacy) conference. They are on the ALDinHE (Association for Learning Development in Higher Education) website. ONes particularly relevant to information literacy are:
- Librarians' development as teachers: A Survey on Changes over Time in Pedagogical Roles, Approaches, and Perspectives by Andrea Baer [The recording is embedded below]
- What makes information literacy relevant to higher education students: the kaleidoscope effect by Dr. Karen F. Kaufmann
- Can You Teach Research in 10 Minutes? Embedding Information Literacy micro-sessions in module programmes by Rachael Hunter

- Emotional Labor of Teaching Information Literacy: Impact, struggle, and strategies by Lorrie Evans and Karen Sobel
- Strange New Worlds: Re-purposing librarian skills in the changing HE environment by Sarah George and Jennifer Rowland
The other webinars are all focused on learning in higher education and so if you work in that sector, then others will be interesting e.g.
- Does Learning Development have a Signature Pedagogy? by Helen Webster
Go to http://aldinhe.ac.uk/aldinhe-events-resources/ for links to the recordings.
For future ALDinHE webinars go to http://aldinhe.ac.uk/events/



Monday, June 29, 2020

Recent articles: financial literacy; graduate researchers; IL through virtual reference

The latest issue of priced publication Reference Services Review is Volume 48 Issue 2. It includes
- Teaching financial literacy through the use of market research and advertising instruction: A non traditional approach by Alyson Vaaler, Jennifer Wilhelm "The purpose of this paper is to describe how librarians used elements of market research, advertising and media literacy in a personal finance class."
- Graduate researchers’ perceptions and expectations: An exploratory study about reference and information services by Kanwal Ameen "The findings revealed that the graduate research students had hardly any idea of reference and information services. Their perceptions of the services were vague. Due to this lack of understanding, they would not expect an important role of the library professionals in their research activities except providing access to physical or online information sources"
- Instruction through virtual reference: mapping the ACRL framework by Rebecca Hill Renirie "The purpose of this study is to examine teaching intent of information literacy threshold concepts via asynchronous reference transactions"
- Hosting Inspec on Engineering Village or Web of Science: A case study in comparing database platforms by James Thomas McAllister III, Nancy Stephanie Diaz
Go to https://www.emerald.com/insight/publication/issn/0090-7324/vol/48/iss/2
Photo by Sheila Webber: June roses

Friday, June 26, 2020

Webinar: Preconference & outcomes from the WHO Infodemiology Conference #infodemic

The World Health Organization (WHO) is holding an Infodemiology Conference over the next couple of weeks, and there are two open sessions.
Firstly, on 29 June 2020 1pm-6pm Paris time (which is noon to 5pm UK time) there is a preconference in which "experts engage with the public with 7 inspiring talks how the infodemic affects the world currently and reflections how it can be managed." See the poster, right, for the speakers. To register, go to https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2020/06/29/default-calendar/pre-conference-1st-who-infodemiology-conference
Secondly on 21 July 2020 at 3pm Paris time (which is 2pm UK time) there is an open webinar to discuss the results of the conference. Go to https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2020/06/30/default-calendar/1st-who-infodemiology-conference
Background: "In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the phenomenon of an ‘infodemic’ has escalated to a level that requires a coordinated response. An infodemic is an overabundance of information – some accurate and some not – occurring during an epidemic. It makes it hard for people to find trustworthy sources and reliable guidance when they need it. Even when people have access to high-quality information, there are still barriers they must overcome to take the recommended action. Like pathogens in epidemics, misinformation spreads further and faster and adds complexity to health emergency response. An infodemic cannot be eliminated, but it can be managed. To respond effectively to infodemics, WHO calls for adaptation, development, validation and evaluation of new evidence-based measures and practices to prevent, detect and respond to mis- and disinformation. In the context of this meeting, “infodemiology” is defined as the science of managing infodemics. The overall aim of this consultation is to take stock of relevant research and effective practices and define public health research needs in order to advance this field."

Thursday, June 25, 2020

Enhancing students' employability, innovation and reflection skills

There is a webinar on 1st July 2020 at 11am UK time, organised by OneHE Mindsets Enhancing students' employability, innovation and reflection skills: the SISA programme offered by the Scottish Institute for Enterprise. The presenters are Ann Davidson (Programme Manager, the Scottish Institute of Enterprise) and Dr Pauline Bremner (Lecturer in the School of Creative and Cultural Business, Robert Gordon University). "The format of this session will slightly differ from the previous webinar giving more time for a Q&A session. We would like to invite you to send us one or more questions related to the topic. We have created a form to add your questions below. Alternatively, you may also email us your questions or just ask a question on the day. Please add/send us the questions by 29th of June 2020 to provide sufficient time for the speakers to prepare the answer." The form for questions is at https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JS_iBu1XSIQNXwPsnQVPWB-me1Sqb8mH/view?usp=sharing and the registration at https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/enhancing-students-innovation-and-reflection-skills-the-sisa-programme-tickets-109619974294.
Photo by Sheila Webber, shaded path, June 2020

Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Webinar: self-help guides, tutorials, and FAQs

There is a free webinar on July 10 2020 at 1.30pm US Eastern time (which is, e.g., 6.30pm UK time) from the Special Libraries Association's Education Division, as part of their Inside Byte series. "During this pandemic environment, the uncertainty of in-person access to the library makes providing some kind of 24/7 help even more critical. In an ongoing project begun several years ago, librarians at the University of Alaska Anchorage created a series of self-help guides, tutorials, and FAQs to serve students with their most basic research needs. Join us as we share our best practices so that you too can learn how to create or improve your library's 24/7 self-help content efficiently and effectively." The presenters are: D’Arcy Hutchings (Instructional Design Librarian), Jennifer McKay (Nursing and Education Librarian), Anna Bjartmarsdottir (Instruction and Research Librarian and liaison to English, Writing, Creative Writing, and Theater) and Daria O. Carle (Science Librarian) - they are all at the UAA/APU Consortium Library at the University of Alaska Anchorage. To register go to https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/1733173780110116367
Photo by Sheila Webber: produce from the Farmers' market, June 2020

Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Media and information literacy as self-disruption #IDE2020

I still intend to do a few blog posts about the Information Literacy and Democracy conference that I attended online last Friday and Saturday. I will start with the last presentation: Media and information literacy as self-disruption, presented by Mario Hibert and Emir Vajzović, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. I liked the way in which the presentation raised some critical issues about the use of technology, starting with how we had to make "hard choices" between "investing in humans and investing in technology". I liked the idea of thinking about the post-digital (rather than post-human) and the critique of the fetish surrounding the idea of the "smart".
All the videos were prerecorded and this one is embedded below (18 minutes). You can also see some pre-conference comments here and the session (including the lively chat and the authors' discussion after the presentation) is here in the recording of the whole session (their talk starts at 3 hours).

Monday, June 22, 2020

Information Literacy teaching and COVID-19

The UK's CILIP Information Literacy Group are "collecting data about the shift to online teaching that has taken place in UK education in relation to information literacy teaching", via an online questionnaire. They say "We will write up the findings and share them via LIS-Infoliteracy and the IL website but also are using this information to develop a new training course to share good practice" Go to
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1XRlZtoPKxqYLywCZhfJP_oOlQmLXRs4R0jAMx8bkAoA/viewform?edit_requested=true
Photo by Sheila Webber: Fresh new leaves blown down, May 2020

Friday, June 19, 2020

Livestreaming Information Literacy and Democracy conference #IDE2020

Today's I'm attending the first day of the Information Literacy and Democracy conference (Informationskompetenz und Demokratie - this is a German project but this conference is in English) which was moved online (happily for me, as otherwise I wouldn't have attended it). I probably won't be liveblogging, but I will publish one or two posts about the conference. This post is mostly to alert you to the livestream on Youtube at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCZu_lURsljjfOKkoD5vK0A
The conference programme is here https://informationskompetenz.blog.uni-hildesheim.de/conference-program-2020/ - in UK time it runs today from now until 5.30pm, and tomorrow (20th June) it runs from 12 noon til about 5pm. The programme is in German time (1 hour ahead of the UK).
The Twitterstream is here https://twitter.com/hashtag/IDE2020?src=hashtag_click

Wednesday, June 17, 2020

New articles: Health information behaviour; Librarian identity; online research skills

The new issue (vol. 25 no. 2) of open-access journal Information research has been published. Articles include (picking out the ones most relevant to this blog):
- Jonas Tana, Emil Eirola, and Kristina Eriksson-Backa: Exploring temporal variations of depression-related health information behaviour in a discussion forum: the case of Suomi24
- Cameron M. Pierson, Anne Goulding, and Jennifer Campbell-Meier: Metaphors and critical incidents: introduction to a methodological approach derived from expressions of librarian professional identity
- Tuulikki Alamettälä and Eero Sormunen: The effect of a teaching intervention on students’ online research skills in lower secondary education.
Go to: http://www.informationr.net/ir/25-2/infres252.html
Photo by Sheila Webber: pink roses, June 2020

Tuesday, June 16, 2020

Webinar - Media and Information Literacy & Quality Journalism #MILCLICKS

On Thursday 18th June at 3pm UK time (4pm Paris time) I am excited to be part of a UNESCO-GAPMIL webinar on Media and Information Literacy & Quality Journalism. My fellow panellists are: Alice Lee, Professor at the Hong Kong Baptist University, and José Manuel Tornero, UNESCO Chair on MIL and Quality Journalism at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. "Why do we need quality journalism and professional journalists, especially in times of crisis?" Anyone can join in, as it is streamed on UNESCO's #MILCLICKS Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/MILCLICKS/

Monday, June 15, 2020

New articles: Critical pedagogy; Critical Information Literacy; Critical Race

The latest issue of the open access journal Communications in Information Literacy has been published (Volume 14, Issue 1, 2020). The articles are:
- Beginning and Extending the Conversation [editorial] by Maria T. Accardi, Emily Drabinski, and Alana Kumbier (this issue marks the tenth anniversary of the publication of Critical Library Instruction - n.b. in North America, the word "instruction" did not have the negative connotations it would have in the UK)
- Dreaming Revolutionary Futures: Critical Race’s Centrality to Ending White Supremacy by Sofia Y. Leung and Jorge R. López-McKnight
- Iterable Ciphers for Insurrection by Dolsy Smith
- Moving from Critical Assessment to Assessment as Care by Veronica Arellano Douglas
- Rethinking the Neoliberal University: Critical Library Pedagogy in an Age of Transition by Jason Coleman and Lis Pankl
- Critical Library Instruction, Causing Trouble, and Institutionalization by Maura Seale
- Critical Library Instruction as a Pedagogical Tool by Nicole A. Cooke
- Teacher as Stranger: Unfinished Pathways with Critical Pedagogy by Caroline Sinkinson
- That Was Then, This Is Wow: A Case for Critical Information Literacy Across the Curriculum by Margaret Rose Torrell
- Building a Critical Culture: How Critical Librarianship Falls Short in the Workplace by Jennifer A. Ferretti
Go to https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/comminfolit/vol14/iss1/
Photo by Sheila Webber: white roses, May 2020

Friday, June 12, 2020

Online discussion: Online learning & Non-traditional student populations

ACRL DLS (Distance Learning special interest group) has organised an online forum on June 30 2020 at 3pm US Central time (9pm UK time) on Online learning & Non-traditional student populations. "As universities continue to experience a decline in the number of “traditional” college enrollees and an increase in non-traditional, online students how can we alter our systems, services, and instruction to better support a more experientially diverse student population? Join us for an open forum discussion on this topic, where librarians will be encouraged to share their ideas and strategies used." Registration at https://ala-events.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJwrdemqrj4qHNXMb02nktJ2SdZWZSGR9Tps
Photo by heila Webber: the largest clinbing rose tree I've ever seen, May 2020

Thursday, June 11, 2020

Doctor & patient perspectives; Information use in pregnancy; Eating disorders #AECIST20

Yesterday (10 June) was the third and last day of the online conference Information Science Trends: Health Information Behavior, organised by the European Chapter of ASIS&T. As I was presenting I didn't do any liveblogging, but here are some notes on the other three talks that day (the slides of the talk given by me and Dr Pamela McKinney are here.)
The keynote was from Christiane Grünloh on “My Work Tool” versus “My Body, My Data”: Conflicting stakeholder perspectives on digital data access. She started by talking about changes in health-related technology and how that has affected the citizen and the interactions between patient and healthcare practitioner. There have also been changes in the way patients are involved in decision making, making them more equal partners, each partner bringing their own expertise. She mentioned the advocacy for epatients or Dana Lewis, for example.
Grünloh went on to talk about online health records, and specifically the national system in Sweden, which currently has about 3 million people registered. This was the focus for the research she was reporting. The introduction of this system was controversial, in particular with some physicians opposing, although some though it was democratising. Their research was looking into what the concerns of the doctors were, and the perceptions of patients after implementation of ehealth records - revealing contrasting views about what the records were for and who the records belonged to.
The physicians saw the patient records as tools important for their work: they were concerned e.g. about increased workload, patients monitoring doctors' behaviour in viewing records. The patients, on the other hand, were mostly positive about having access, for example feeling that they could communicate better with doctors, and access to records made it easier to follow up things they did not understand.
The researchers explored the findings further in terms of values in design. Considering "ownership and property" the doctors saw the record as their property and their tool to do their work, whereas the patients saw it as their property since it is about them. As regards "Autonomy" the doctors felt they should have control over their work, so they could make the necessary decisions and keep records in a way that made sense to them (rather than writing to be understood by patients). However patients could have the perspective of "nothing about me without me".
The patients' well-being was the doctors' chief preoccupation and they were concerned that this might be compromised by free access to your record: for example that patients might be worried by information without being able to sk immediately for clarification. Finally, there is "accountability and transparency, and privacy" with is associated with issues of trust, with doctors feeling that they will be trusted less and more checked-up-on.
The different assumptions and values of different stakeholders can hinder effective dialogue about these issues. The final message was "it's complicated"!
Following my and Pam's presentation, Paulina Bressel talked about #Recovery of Eating Disorders on Social Media - the extended abstract of her talk is here. Finally the third presentation was Health Information Use During Pregnancy from Carolanne Mahony (presenter), Ciara Heavin and David Sammon (all from University College Cork, Ireland). Using Tom Wilson's information behaviour model, they identified the "information processing and use" part of that model as being under researched and the part they wanted to focus on. They rationale for focusing on expectant mothers was to do with this being an important life event, and literature showing e.g. that expectant mothers combined information when making decisions.
Overall they did a longitudinal study over 18 months, but the results reported here related to the intervews before the child was born. There were 12 interviewees, in which the researchers asked the participants to identify information seeking incidents and tell the story of each. The researchers did thematic analysis, inductive and deductive coding, and the participants were given the analysis to check themselves. The researchers divided the themes into positive and negative impacts, and internal or external use. For example one participant talked about being given a lot of books, and then being overwhelmed and avoiding books altogether (so that was Negative external/behavioural); another was someone looking up physical symptoms online and getting reassurance (so that was Positive/internal).
Big thanks to those organising and moderating the conference, which was really well run and engaging! The team consisted of Aylin Ilhan, Crystal Fulton, Noora Hirvonen, Kaja J. Fietkiewicz, Isabelle Dorsch, Fabian Odoni and Tamara Heck of the ASIS&T European Chapter.

Wednesday, June 10, 2020

The information worlds of non resident informal carers: stakeholder perceptions #AECIST20

Today, Dr Pamela McKinney and I are presenting at the online conference Information Science Trends: Health Information Behavior, organised by the European Chapter of ASIS&T (Association for Information Science and Technology).
This is our presentation, The information worlds of non resident informal carers: stakeholder perceptions, (embedded below), the references are here and the extended abstract is here.


Webinar: Media and Information Literacy and Public Policies #MILCLICKS #GAPMIL

On Thursday 11 June at 4 pm Paris time (which is, e.g., 3pm UK time or 10am US Eastern time) there is another UNESCO-GAPMIL webinar Media and Information Literacy and Public Policies. Speakers are Dorothy Gordon (Chair of UNESCO's Information for All Programme); Peter Bruck (Chairperson of World Summit Awards; Maha Bashri (Associate Professor at the United Arab Emirates University); Carolyn Wilson (Past Chair of GAPMIL). The Moderator is Alton Grizzle, Programme Specialist, UNESCO. The webinar will be at https://www.facebook.com/MILCLICKS/

Tuesday, June 09, 2020

Health (mis)information behaviour in the Covid-19 era #AECIST20

Today is the second day of the the online conference Information Science Trends: Health Information Behavior, organised by the European Chapter of ASIS&T. The keynote talk today is Diane Pennington (University of Strathclyde, Scotland) who talked about Health (mis)information behaviour in the Covid-19 era . Misinformation is not new, but an obvious difference between the pandemic a hundred years ago and this one was the slower rate of mass transmission of information then (e.g. death figures appearing in newspapers then, and in real time on the web now). Pennington highlighted the coining of the term "infodemic" by the World Health Organization, and also the article by Xie et al. in JASIST (Global health crises are also information crises: A call to action - https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24357) which was written pre COVID but which links the issues of misinformation and health information. She also talked about the seven types of #COVID19 #MisInformation which have been identified in the current work of the Social Media Lab.
Pennington went on to talk about her own work investigating at the authority of information, for example https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3066582/. She explored the concept of post-truth, which doesn't imply that there is no truth, but that people are relying more on their own epistemology, and their own gut feelings and values to judge what is "true". She highlighted the problem of people (like Donald Trump) who manipulate and distract from the real problems and obviously influence those who believe in and trust the non-truth speaker. Pennington cited Lewandowsky et al (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2017.07.008) in saying that a post-truth world"empowers people to choose their own reality where facts and objective evidence are trumped by existing beliefs and prejudices" (p361).
Pennington talked about social media and misinformation (issues such as bots, echo chambers/filter bubbles, the fact that reposting on socal media or adopting conspiracy theories may make people feel better). She also showed examples of people debunking those fighting misinformation, using conspiracy theories. Initiatives such as the WHO myth busters site try to counter this https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters and Youtube's misinformation policy
There is a good deal of work examining mis/information about Covid19, primarily concentrating on social media platform. Pennington finished by identifying work for information scientists in terms of research, practice, teaching and service/citizenship (see the second screenshot)

Monday, June 08, 2020

Health Literacy at university level; Information avoidance #AECIST20

Continuing liveblogging notes from the first day of the online conference Information Science Trends: Health Information Behavior, organised by the European Chapter of ASIS&T. Noora Hirvonen gave a presentation based on her ongoing doctoral work, Girls' Positions and Authoritative Information Sources in Finnish Online Discourses on the HPV Vaccine: the abstract is here
Kristin Hocevar and Melissa Anderson (Southern Oregon University in the USA) presented a poster on Teaching Online Health Literacy at the University Level. The library collaborated with the Healthcare Studies programme to develop learning about ehealth, cognitive processing theories and calculating risk; there is information teaching and an assessed project which gets students to find and evaluate information for themselves. This has run twice, the second time (only) with the library input, and evidence was that the students had learnt from the experience.

Gemma Webster and (presenter) Bruce M. Ryan (Napier University, Scotland) had authored a poster on Information avoidance and diabetes: a preliminary empirical study. The focus of this ongoing project is those with type 1 Diabetes. There have been studies on information avoidance, but in the healthcare field the main focus has been information avoidance as regards cancer. The researchers carried out 10 interviews with young adults and 5 health practitioners. Early findings are that healthcare professionals lack the time to support the patients with information. In terms of the young adults with diabetes, findings include going through a period in adolesence where they want to deny the disease; distrust of sources of information and advice; and there is avoidance because future complications (e.g. blindness) are just too depressing. There also seem to be regional differences (even within Scotland) in terms of information and advice available.

Health literacy in practice in Ireland; health information behaviour and e-health services #AECIST20

Today was the first day of the online conference Information Science Trends: Health Information Behavior, organised by the European Chapter of ASIS&T (Association of Information Science & Technology). I will be liveblogging a few of the talks. Extended abstracts of many talks are here: https://zenodo.org/communities/information_science_trends/?page=1&size=20
The keynote Inez Bailey (CEO of the Irish National Adult Literacy Agency) talked about Health literacy in practice in Ireland. She started by explaining the remit of NALA, which includes health literacy, then she defined Health Literacy, situating literacy in social practice. Bailey identified that health literacy is required from the health agencies as well as from individual citizens. She also highlighted the importance of health numeracy as part of health literacy. Bailey presented statistics that showed higher-than-one-might-have-expected levels of poor literacy, numeracy and specifically health literacy. She showed how lower levels of health literacy correlated with behaviours (such as not attending health screening, taking the wrong doses of medicine) which lead to poorer health. NALA has an archive of research here https://www.nala.ie/research/ and aims to bring research evidence to bear in influencing policy.
NALA have developed the idea of being health literacy friendly (see slide, above), with recommendations to practitioners and policymakers of what this should involve, and has literacy-friendly quality standards, including the Crystal Clear quality mark (they found it was easier to get engagement with standrads from pharmacists than with GPs). Bailey went on to give examples of good practice and examples in using language and numbers, to make things easily understood. With food labelling, Bailey raised the issue that some food manufacturers might not want to be totally "plain" in their English if they were trying to make their food seem very healthy....
There were also a lot of interesting questions in discussion e.g. discussing why it is the 18-35 age group who are least likely to ask questions when they don't understand things, asking whether there is evidence that "plain English" writing works better (there is).

The second talk was from Heidi Enwald, Kristina Eriksson-Backa, Noora Hirvonen and Isto Huvila (presented by Enwald and Hirvonen) on Taking health information behaviour into account in user-centered design of e-health services - key findings from an ongoing research project. The extended abstract is here. They were presenting results from the Taking health information behaviour into account project. They are interested in how health information behaviour affects use of technologies associated with health services and information, with particular emphasis on older people.
They did systematic review which was recently published as Older adults’ views on eHealth services: a systematic review of scientific journal articles https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.104031 Key findings were that "Common themes [in the literature] include eHealth service uses, enablers and barriers, and outcomes; eHealth service use can have positive outcomes but also negative consequences; Findings indicate a positivity bias particularly in quantitative studies." Enwald talked about some other findings which have been published: there is a list of publications here http://blogs2.abo.fi/hiba/publications/ In 2019 they did a questionnaire survey and focus groups with older finns, in particular asking about using electronic health records, but they are writing those up at the moment.